The Black and Tan Coonhound is a dog breed that is descended from the Bloodhound and various types of foxhounds. Notable owners of these hunting dogs include George Washington, who owned four of these Coonhounds, named Drunkard, Taster, Tipler, and Tipsy.
These hunting dogs are used mostly for trailing and treeing raccoons. They can also be used to hunt larger game, such as deer, bears, and cougars. Black and Tan Coonhounds have excellent noses and are driven by instinct to follow a scent if one is found. They are considered to be a powerful and attentive scent hound, making them good hunting companions. They can cover ground quickly with large strides. Handlers of these hunting dogs can often recognize their dog’s distinct and unique howl from a large distance.
These hounds have a single-minded determination that can make it difficult to call them off in a hunt or to divert them to a different task in training. Strong hunting and trailing instincts make it very important to use obedience training properly with these hunting dogs. They can often wander if they catch a scent, but proper training can curb this type of behavior with this dog breed.
This dog breed is the picture of the iconic American hound. With long, hanging ears and floppy jowls, Black and Tan Coonhounds have black and tan markings (hence their name) with a short, dense coat. They can reach 27 inches in height and 75 pounds in weight. This scent hound has a muscular and powerful body type that is suited to working dogs.
These hounds are not typical as family pets, but their temperament suits family life perfectly. These hunting dogs are mellow, calm, and warm with people. Their gentle nature makes them get along well with children. They can also be very independently minded and stubborn, which can be an issue when an owner wants them to stop a certain behavior, but proper training and handling can alleviate these issues. Black and Tan Coonhounds can also be very distracted by new smells and show off their trademark howl at inconvenient times.
These hunting dogs are generally healthy. However, this dog breed is associated with a risk for hip dysplasia. They are also slightly more likely to suffer from ear cancer and other ear issues as well as eye issues. Anyone wishing to purchase or breed a Black and Tan Coonhound should have screening done for health conditions, such as hip dysplasia, eye diseases, and ear diseases. The average lifespan for a Black and Tan Coonhound is 10-12 years.